Friday, December 10, 2010

Cambodia / Genocide and Memory

"Eleventh-graders at O'Tapouk High School in Pailin, Cambodia." (Brendan Brady / Los Angeles Times)
Former Khmer Rouge Stronghold Struggles with History
By Brendan Brady
The Los Angeles Times, December 10, 2010
"Twelfth-grade teacher Sam Borath recently asked her students in Svay, a town in northwestern Cambodia, to write down the names of five leaders of the Khmer Rouge regime that killed an estimated 1.7 million people during its reign in the late 1970s. Simply identifying top figures, however, can be an awkward exercise. Many communities would rather not stir up memories of the war-torn past, particularly in this region. Svay is part of a thin belt along the northwestern border that remained under the control of ultra-communist Khmer Rouge leaders and their militias for two decades after 1979, when the regime was ousted from power in Phnom Penh. Many residents still defend the regime's legacy, contending that it had rural interests at heart. But a new national curriculum requires schools to tackle the controversial topic as a way to confront and reconcile the past. 'Some did it,' Sam Borath said of the writing exercise. 'But some just wrote down one name. Others didn't even hand it in because their parents told them not to.' Naming specific cadres and their past deeds is sensitive, now that a United Nations-backed war crimes court is prosecuting a few former high-ranking officials and is considering taking on five others. Students in Svay were introduced to the new lessons in November. 'A lot of the students are curious to know what happened,' Sam Borath said. 'But many parents are former Khmer Rouge, so they discourage their kids from learning about it. They think we are teaching their children to be angry at them.' Researchers estimate that nearly a quarter of Cambodia's population died under the extremist regime, and most survivors had been pushed to the edge of death by hard labor, starvation and medical neglect. After the Khmer Rouge was ousted in 1979, Pailin became the base of its insurgency before morphing in the late 1990s into an autonomous zone for former regime leaders who agreed to leave the movement. A decade later, the province has been reincorporated into the country. [...]"

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