Saturday, April 10, 2010

Ecocide / United Nations

British Campaigner Urges UN to Accept 'Ecocide' as International Crime
By Juliette Jowit
The Guradian, April 9, 2010
"A campaign to declare the mass destruction of ecosystems an international crime against peace -- alongside genocide and crimes against humanity -- is being launched in the UK. The proposal for the United Nations to accept 'ecocide' as a fifth 'crime against peace,' which could be tried at the International Criminal Court (ICC), is the brainchild of British lawyer-turned-campaigner Polly Higgins. The radical idea would have a profound effect on industries blamed for widespread damage to the environment like fossil fuels, mining, agriculture, chemicals and forestry. Supporters of a new ecocide law also believe it could be used to prosecute 'climate deniers' who distort science and facts to discourage voters and politicians from taking action to tackle global warming and climate change. 'Ecocide is in essence the very antithesis of life,' says Higgins. 'It leads to resource depletion, and where there is escalation of resource depletion, war comes chasing behind. Where such destruction arises out of the actions of mankind, ecocide can be regarded as a crime against peace.'
... After a successful launch at the UN in 2008, the idea has been adopted by the Bolivian government, who will propose a full members' vote, and Higgins has taken up her campaign for ecocide. Ecocide is already recognised by dictionaries, but Higgins' more legal definition would be: 'The extensive destruction, damage to or loss of ecosystem(s) of a given territory, whether by human agency or by other causes, to such an extent that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants of that territory has been severely diminished.' [...]"

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